His specialty in American art was also determined by economics. ''The Brooklyn Museum had no money for European Renaissance paintings,'' he once explained. ''But American paintings were extremely cheap and we bought 18th- and 19th-century works for several thousands that are now worth hundreds of thousands.''
In 1952, Mr. Baur joined the staff of the Whitney as a curator, a post he held until his appointment as associate director in 1958.
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