Instead he embarked on a new theological path initially called dialectical theology (due to its stress on the paradoxical nature of divine truth—for instance, God is both grace and judgment), but more accurately called a theology of the Word. Critics have referred to Barth as the father of neo-orthodoxy—a pejorative term emphatically rejected by Barth himself. Barth's theological thought emphasized the sovereignty of God, particularly through his innovative doctrine of election. His theology has been enormously influential throughout Europe and America.
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