Alfred Louis Kroeber (6/11/1876–10/5/1960) was an American cultural anthropologist. He received his Ph.D. under Franz Boas at Columbia Univ. in 1901, the 1st doctorate in anthropology awarded there. He was also the 1st professor appointed to the Dep't of Anthropology at the Univ. of California, Berkeley. He played an integral role in the early days of its Museum of Anthropology, where he served as Director (1909-47]. He provided detailed information about Ishi, the last surviving member of the Yahi people, whom he studied over a period of years. He was the father of the writer Ursula K. LeGuin. Kroeber's textbook, Anthropology (1923, 1948), was widely used for many years. In the late 1940s, it was one of ten books required as reading for all students during their 1st year at Columbia.